Mine waste excavation beneath the western road encountered historical
artifacts further north of the intersection of Pomo Street and the road that
leads to the cul-de-sac.  The feature was well defined and consisted of bricks,
16 meters.   The feature area was flagged and its boundary spray-painted to
keep construction workers and equipment out.

The mine waste had been removed and it was anticipated that the feature
would be protected and preserved beneath clean fill and road construction.  
With the understanding that the feature would be protected, only a single 5-
gallon bucket sample (for ¼” processing) and a 2,000cc sample (for 1/8”
processing) were obtained from the feature.  In addition, any diagnostic
artifacts exposed on the surface of the feature were collected and

Graphs of the Feature 3 samples indicate that Euroamerican glass
was the most abundant of the artifacts by weight. The next most
abundant material was Asian ceramics followed by Euroamerican
other (metal, leather, building material, etc.) and Euroamerican
ceramics.  Also recovered were obsidian stone tool manufacturing
material (debitage), bone, and organic material.
Site maintained as a public service by Archaeological Research, PO Box 1353, Lucerne, CA 95458.
Contact: dr.john@wolfcreekarcheology.com
Elem Feature 3
EuroAmerican Glass

Bottle fragments recovered
included one hand-blown, turn-
mold, bubble-base champaign and
four unidentifiable bottles.  
Other glass items included a
glass saucer and a purple
stemware glass.

Asian Ceramics

Pieces of two bamboo ware rice
bowls were recovered as was a
piece of a food or spouted jar and the base of a Ng-Ka-Py jar.

EuroAmerican Ceramics

All Euroamerican ceramics were either stoneware or creamware.  Pieces of two
main course plates, two cups, and four unidentifiable items were recovered.  
All were plain white glazed except one with a gold rim band.

EuroAmerican Other

Other manufactured goods included sheet metal (most likely rusted cans),
unidentifiable nails, and a shell button (H3-3).  The button was a two-hole,
sew-through that was 36-line in size.

Organic Material

A black walnut shell, a small amount of fish bone and a piece of mammal bone were
recovered.  There was not enough bone to enable any meaningful analysis.

Ground Stone

A single flat, polished sandstone slab was recovered that appeared to be an abrading
stone for knife sharpening or shell bead grinding.
Feature 3 Interpretation

Feature 3 contained relatively more Asian ceramics than Features 1 and 2.   This
suggests that some members of the household were of Asian descent. There were also
fewer bottles and pieces of EuroAmerican ceramics than the previous features.  All
glass suggested manufacture before 1914.  Asian ceramics indicate use between 1850
and 1920.

It is likely that Feature 3 is a deposit of household discards that were in use between
1880 and 1914.
and Beyond